03.1. To carry out flame tests with salts of lithium, sodium, potassium, barium, strontium and copper

06.1a To detect the presence of chloride ions in aqueous solution

06.1b To detect the presence of sulfate and sulfite ions in aqueous solution

06.1c To detect the presence of carbonate and hydrogencarbonate ions in aqueous solution

06.1d To detect the presence of nitrate ions in aqueous solution

06.1e To detect the presence of phosphate ions in aqueous solution

10.1a To measure the relative molar mass of a volatile liquid using a conical flask

10.1b To measure the relative molar mass of a volatile liquid using a gas syringe

13.1 To prepare a standard solution of sodium carbonate

13.2 To use a standard solution of sodium carbonate to standardise a given hydrochloric acid solution

13.3 To make up an approximate 0.1M solution of sodium hydroxide, to standardise it with a standard hydrochloric acid solution and hence to prepare a sample of sodium chloride

13.4 To determine the concentration of ethanoic acid in vinegar

13.5 To determine the amount of water of crystallisation in hydrated sodium carbonate

14.1 To study oxidation-reduction reactions: halogens as oxidising agents and displacement reactions of metals

15.1 To prepare a solution of ammonium iron (II) sulfate and to standardise it by titration against a solution of potassium permanganate

15.2 To determine the amount of iron in an iron tablet

15.3 To prepare a solution of sodium thiosulfate and to standardise it by titration against a solution of iodine

15.4 To determine the percentage (w/v) of hypochlorite in bleach

16.1 To monitor the rate of production of oxygen from hydrogen peroxide using manganese dioxide as a catalyst

16.2 To study the effect of concentration on the reaction rate of sodium thiosulfate solution and hydrochloric acid

16.3 To study the effect of temperature on the reaction rate of sodium thiosulfate solution and hydrochloric acid

17.1 To study the effect of temperature on the reaction rate of sodium thiosulfate solution and hydrochloric acid

19.1 To demonstrate the total hardness in a water sample using ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (edta)

19.2a To determine the total suspended solids (in p.p.m.) of a sample of water by filtration

19.2b To determine the total dissolved solids (in p.p.m.) of a sample of water by evaporation

19.2c To determine the pH of a sample of water

19.3 To measure the amount of dissolved oxygen in a sample of water by means of a redox titration

19.4 To estimate the concentration of free chlorine in swimming-pool water or bleach using a comparitor or a colorimeter

21.1 To prepare ethene and examine its properties

21.2 To prepare ethyne and examine its properties

21.3 To determine the heat of reaction of hydrochloric acid with sodium hydroxide

22.1a To extract clove oil from cloves by steam distillation

22.1b To isolate clove oil (eugenol) from an emulsion of clove oil and water by liquid-liquid extraction using cyclohexane

23.1 To prepare a sample of soap

23.2a To study the reactions of ethanal with (i) acidified potassium permanganate solution, (ii) Fehling's reagent and (iii) ammoniacal silver nitrate

23.2b To study the reactions of ethanoic acid with (i) sodium carbonate, (ii) magnessium and (iii) ethanol

23.3 To oxidise phenylmethanol to benzoic acid with potassium permanganate solution in alkaline conditions

23.4a To recrystallise a sample of benzoic acid

23.4b To measure the melting point of benzoic acid

23.5a To separate the components of ink using paper chromatography

23.5b To separate the components of food dyes using column chromatography

23.5b To separate the components of food dyes using thin layer chromatography

 

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